Susan Watkins, PhD
Professor, Center for Excellence Poultry Science, University of Arkansas
Susan E. Watkins
University of Arkansas System’s
Division of Agriculture
Center of Excellence for Poultry Science
1260 West Maple
Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701
Appointment: 80% Extension 10% Teaching 10% Service
Professor, University of Arkansas, 2010
Associate Professor, University of Arkansas, 2001 - 2010
Assistant Professor, University of Arkansas, 1996 - 2001
Research Specialist, University of Arkansas 1991- 1996
Georges, Inc. Lab Technician 1990
Quality Assurance Technician, Mahard Egg Farm 1987-1988
Graduate Assistant, University of Arkansas 1984-1985
BS University of Arkansas Animal Science 1983
MS University of Arkansas Poultry Nutrition 1985
PhD University of Arkansas Poultry Nutrition 1997
- President- Southern Poultry Science Society 2013
- Teach Introduction to Careers in Poultry Science,
Professionalism and Poultry Production 2011-present
- Director- Tyson Foods Poultry Short Course 2009-present
- Poultry Science Departmental Farm Advisory Committee 2009-present
- Poultry Science Departmental Scholarship Committee 2009
- Poultry Science Departmental Head Search Committee 2009, 2003
- Director- U of A Applied Broiler Research Farm 2006-present
- Coordinator- Applied Broiler Research Farm Field Days 2006-present
- Poultry Science Association, Associate Editor 2005-present
- Chair- Ozark Poultry Growers Symposium 2005-2011
- §The Poultry Federation- Turkey Committee
- §Secretary and Program Coordinator 1999-present
- §The Poultry Federation Spring Symposium Program Coordinator 1997 -present
- §National Poultry Waste Management Symposium Committee 1996-2006
- §Co-Chair 2006, 2004
- §Location Chair 1998
- Poultry Science Departmental Internship Coordinator 1998-present
- Animal Welfare Auditor Training, National Council
Chain Restaurants 2004
- National Egg Quality School Committee 2000-2007
- §Director 2004-2007
- §U.S. Poultry & Egg Association Environmental Committee 2002-2007
- §Poultry Science Association and FASS/ARPAS
- §Animal Welfare Committee 2002
- §Associate Editor 2002-present
- §River Valley Poultry Producer Symposium Committee 2001, 2002, 2004
- §America’s Clean Water Foundation On Farm Auditor Training 2001
- §U.S. Poultry & Egg Production and Health Committee 2001-2007
- §U.S. Poultry & Egg Association Student Advisory Committee 1999 2007
- § The Poultry Federation Poultry Producer’s Symposium, Co-Chair 1999-2002
- §The Poultry Federation Human Relations Training 1999-2002
- § Tyson Foods National Environmental Awards Committee 1999, 2001
- §Advisory/Consent Board Member, International Agricultural
Programs, University of Arkansas 1997-2000
- National Poultry Waste Dialogue, Research
and Innovative Technologies Work Team 1997
Poultry Science Association
Southern Poultry Science Society
The Poultry Federation, Poultry Improvement Committee
Accomplishments and Awards
- §Recognized as national and international expert on poultry drinking water quality
- §Over 200 presentations in US, Canada, Asia, Europe and South America
- The Arkansas Poultry Federation Chair of Poultry Science 2012
- Professional Animal Auditors Compliance Organization Instructor 2011- present
- U of A System’s Division of Ag John W. White Extension Specialist Award 2008
- Top Gun Poultry Industry Problem Solver, WATT Poultry USA, November 2006
- U of A System’s Division of Ag CES Leadership Program Graduate 2005
- Industry Recognition Award, The Poultry Federation Spring Symposium 2001
- Mentor of the Year, Poultry Science Club, U of A 2000
- Mentor of the Year, Poultry Science Club, U of A 1998
- Mentor of the Year, Poultry Science Club, U of A 1997
- Outstanding Graduate Student, Poultry Science Department, U of A 1996
Grants: External: $2,211,100 (Watkins’ share: $700,100) 2010- $1.5 million (Watkins share $100,000) LED energy efficient lighting evaluations and implementation for the poultry industry (U.S. Department of Energy)
Gifts in kind: $504,825 Funded or donated by various companies
Invited Presentations: International- 25 Symposia-86 Industry Training-135
Journal Publications (Most Current)
Liang, Yi, M. T. Kidd, S. E. Watkins, G. T. Tabler, 2013. Impact of Commercial Broiler House Retrofit: A Four-Year Study of Live Performance. J. Applied Poultry Science. In press.
Goodgame, S.D., F.J. Mussini, C. Lu, C.D. Bradley, S.E. Watkins and P.W. Waldroup, 2011.
Evaluation of a fermentation source of 25-hydroxychloecalciferol in broiler diets. Int. J. of
Poultry Sci. 10:40 pp. 295-299
Yan, F. C. Coto, Z. Wang, S. Cerrate, S.E. Watkins, and P.W. Waldroup. 2010. Comparison of
nutrient recommendations for broilers. Int. J. of Poult. Sci. 9 (11) 1006-1014
Watkins, S. 2009 Water Line Sanitation. Zootechnica World’s Poultry Journal, 11:30-31.
Liang, Y, G.T. Tabler, S.E. Watkins, H. Xin and I.L. Berry. 2009. Energy use analysis of
open-curtain vs. totally enclosed broiler houses in Northwest Arkansas, J. Am.
Soc. Ag. Biol. Eng. (in press).[i]
Cornelison, J. M., F. Yan, S.E. Watkins, L. Rigby, J. B. Segal and P. W. Waldroup. 2006.
Evaluation of hops (Humulus iupulus) as an antimicrobial in broiler diets. Internat. J.
Poult. Sci. 5: 134-136.
Payne, J.B., E.C. Kroger and S.E. Watkins. 2005. Evaluation of disinfectant efficacy when applied
to the floor of poultry grow-out facilities. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 14:322-329.
Watkins, S. E., C. A. Fritts, F. Yan. M.L. Wilson and P.W. Waldroup. 2005. The interaction of
sodium chloride levels in poultry drinking water and the diet of broiler chickens, J. Appl.
Poult. Res. 14:55-59.
Saleh, E. A., S. E. Watkins, A. L. Waldroup and P. W. Waldroup. 2005. Effects of early
quantitative feed restriction on live performance and carcass composition of male broilers
grown for further processing. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 14:87-93.
Saleh, E.A., S.E. Watkins, A.L. Waldroup and P.W. Waldroup. 2004. Effects of dietary nutrient
density on performance and carcass quality of male broilers grown for further processing. Internat. J. Poult. Sci. 3: 1-10.
Saleh, E.A., S.E. Watkins, A.L. Waldroup and P.W. Waldroup. 2004. Considerations for
dietary nutrient density and energy feeding programs for growing large male broiler
chickens for further processing. Internat. J. Poult. Sci. 3: 11-16.
Saleh, E.A., S.E. Watkins, A.L. Waldroup and P.W. Waldroup. 2004. Comparison of energy
feeding programs and early feed restriction on live performance and carcass quality of large male broilers grown for further processing at 9 to 12 weeks of age.
Internat. J. Poult. Sci. 3: 61-69.
Waldroup, P.W., S.E. Watkins, J.T. Skinner and A.D. Desai, 2002. Stability of Bacitracin
Methylene Disalicylate in the presence of pellet binding agents in poultry feed.
Internat. J. Poult. Sci. 1:13-15.
Madrigal, S. E., S.E. Watkins, N.B. Anthony, C.E. Wall, C.A. Fritts and P.W. Waldroup. 2002.
Effect of dietary modifications designed to reduce early growth rate on live performance
and on incidence and severity of ascites in two commercial broiler strains when maintained under low ventilation or low temperature models. Internat. J. Poult. Sci. 1:5-12.
Payne, J.B., E.C. Kroger and S.E. Watkins. 2002 Evaluation of litter treatments on Salmonella
recovery from poultry litter. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 11:239-243.
Watkins, Susan. 2012. Poultry Lighting: LED bulbs provide energy savings and durability. FSA
Watkins, Susan, Dustan Clark and Yvonne Thaxton. 2012. Hormones in our food: is it for real?
Herron, Sheri, Andrew Sharpley, Susan Watkins and Mike Daniels. 2012. Poultry Litter
Management in the Illinois River Watershed of Arkansas and Oklahoma, FSA9535
Liang, Yi, Susan E. Watkins, G. Thomas Tabler and David McCreery. 2012. Sprinkers cool birds
and conserve water. FSA 1073.
Czarick, M., S. Watkins and B. Fairchild. 2009. The importance of flushing cool
cells. Georgia Poult. Extension Factsheet 21:8.
Hughes, J, B. Dean, T. Clark and S. Watkins. 2009 Chlorination/Acidification affects
Salmonella contamination. Avian Advice 11:2.
Watkins, S. and g. Tabler. 2009. Broiler water consumption. Avian Advice 11:2.
Clark, T., B. Dean and S. Watkins. 2009. Evaluation of different hydrogen
peroxide products for maintaining adequate sanitizing residual in water. Avian Advice 11:1.
Jones, F.T. and S.E. Watkins. 2009. How does taste influence water consumption in broilers?
Avian Advice 11:1.
Tabler, G.T., S.E. Watkins and F.T. Jones, 2008. Litter preparation between flocks:
management is the key. Avian Advice 10:4.
Tabler, G.T., S.E. Watkins and P.A. Watkins. 2008. Energy efficiency associated with poultry
house lighting. Avian Advice 10:3.
Dean, B., J. Hughes, T. Clark and S. Watkins. 2008. Evaluation of water
acidification products. Avian Advice 10:3.
Watkins, S.E. 2008. Water: identifying and correcting challenges. Avian Advice 10:3.
Plyler, J. E. and S. E. Watkins, 2008. Gut Health- is anything more important in turkey
Production? Avian Advice 10:1.
Watkins, S. E. 2007. In Search of the Ideal Water Line Cleaner. Avian Advice 9:1.
Plyler, J. E. and S. E. Watkins, 2007. Keys to successful company-grower relations. Avian
Hughes, J., A. Hancock, B. Dean and S. Watkins. 2007. Evaluation of
water sanitizers. Avian Advice 9:4.
Watkins, S., 2006. Clean water lines for flock health. Avian Advice 8:2.
Cornelison, J., M. Wilson and S. Watkins. 2005. Effects of water
acidification on turkey performance. Avian Advice 7:2.
Payne, J.B., and S.E. Watkins, 2005. Evaluation of litter treatments on Salmonella
recovery in poultry litter. Avian Advice 7:2.
Bowen, M. and S. Watkins. 2005. Impact of water acidifiers on microbial
loads in poultry drinking water. Avian Advice 7:4.
Cornelison, J., A.G. Hancock, A.G. Williams, L.B. Davis, N.L. Allen and S.E.
Watkins. 2005. Evaluation of nipple drinkers and the Lott system for
determining appropriate water flow for broilers. Avian Advice 7:4.
Watkins, S. J. Cornelison, C. Tillery, M. Wilson and R. Hubbard. 2004. Effect of water
acidification on broiler performance. Avian Advice 6:2.
Moore, P. A., S. Watkins, D. Carmen and P. DeLaune. 2004. Treating poultry
litter with Alum. Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service FSA-8003.
Watkins, S., L. Newberry, M. Wilson and R. Hubbard. 2004. Water sanitation:
evaluation of products. Avian Advice 6:1.
Watkins, S.E. M. Wilson and J. Cornelison. 2003. Litter amendments as a tool
for optimizing poultry house cleanout. Avian Advice 5:2.
Goodwin, H.L., F. T. Jones, S. Watkins and J. Hipp, 2003. New Arkansas laws
regulate use and management of poultry litter and other nutrients. Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service FSA 29.
Donald, J. and S. Watkins. 2003. Treating poultry house floors to improve poor performance,
The Poultry Engineering, Economics and Managmetn Newsletter, Auburn University,
Watkins, S. and J. Donald. 2002. How to control rats, mice and darkling beetles, The Poultry
Engineering, Economics and Management Newsletter, Auburn University. Issue 20.
Watkins, S.E., 2002. Fascinate then educate. Avian Advice 4:2.
Watkins, S.E. 2002. The campaign for water quality continues. Avian Advice 4:3.
Watkins, S.E. and F.T. Jones. 2002. Feed antibiotics- Can we get along without them?
Avian Advice 4:3.
Watkins, S.E. 2002. Don’t let rodents nibble away your profits. Avian Advice 4:1.
Watkins, S.E. 2001. Improving darkling beetle control. Avian Advice 3:1.
Watkins, S.E. 2001. Beat the heat! Be prepared for summer flocks, Avian Advice 3:2.
Watkins, S.E. 2001. Litter conditioning for a healthy flock, Avian Advice 3:2.
Watkins, S.E., J.B. Payne and A.L. Waldroup. 1999. The Bio-burner: A New Tool for
Poultry House Sanitation. Avian Advice 1:1
Clark, D., S. Watkins, F. Jones and R. Norton. 1997. Understanding and
control of gangrenous dermatitis in poultry houses. Arkansas Cooperative
Extension Service FSA7048
Trade journal Articles AND TEchnical Bulletins
Watkins, Susan and Mary Scantling , 2011. Poultry water line cleaning: overrated or underappreciated, water sanitation and poultry flock performance. Watt Poultry USA, vol. 12 (1) pp. 36-40.
Watkins, Susan, 2011. Water Quality. www.ralconutrition.com, March
Watkins, Susan, 2011. Water for poultry health. Week 12 module, on-line master’s course for poultry veterinarians. University of Georgia and University of Melbourne.
Watkins, Susan and Susan Sullivan, 2011. Shine a little light. World Poultry, October
Watkins, Susan and Susan Sullivan, 2011. Shine a little light. WorldPoultry.net, October 25, 2011.
Plyler, J. and S. Watkins. 2009. Tips for good company & grower relations. Poult.
Watkins, Susan, 2008. Clean water lines are key to ensuring flock health, profits. Schering-
Plough Animal Health Turkey Health, Issue 3.
Hughes, J.R., A. Hancock, B. Dean and S. Watkins. 2008. Which water
sanitizer’s best. Ozarks Farms and Neighbors, June.
Tabler, G.T., S.E. Watkins and P.A. Watkins, 2008. Energy efficiency associated with poultry
house lighting. Ozarks Farm and Neighbors. October.
Plyler, J. and S. Watkins. 2008. Keys to successful company-grower relations. The
Drumstick, Australian Poultry Grower Newsletter, March.
Watkins, Susan, 2007. Water line sanitation, Nicholas Turkey Technical Brief.
Watkins, S.E, 2007. Water line sanitation, Aviagen Fact Sheet
Watkins, S. and J. Donald. 2007. Controlling rats, mice and darkling beetles. Poult.
Times Supplement, March.
Watkins, S. 2007. Practical steps to clean water, WATT Poultry USA, January.
Cornelison, J., M. Wilson and S. Watkins. 2006. Effects of water acidification on
turkey performance. Zootechnica International World’s Poult. J. 5:26-28.
Watkins, Susan, 2006. Clean water lines for flock health, Cobb-Vantress Technical Bulletin.
Watkins, S.E. 2006. Water quality and sanitation. Zootechnica International World’s Poult.
Watkins, S., J. Cornelison, C. Tillery, M. Wilson, and R. Hubbard, 2006. Researchers
study effects of water acidification on broiler performance. Poultry Times, January.
Watkins, S.E. 2005. Impact of sanitizers and line cleaners on aerobic bacteria levels in
nipple drinkers. Zootechnica International World’s J. February.
Watkins, S. 2005. Acidified water may not affect turkey growth. Feedstuffs, December.
Cornelison, J. M. Wilson and S. Watkins. 2005. Effects of water acidification on turkey
Performance. Poultry Times. November.
Watkins, S.E. 2005. Impact of drinking water pH on broiler performance. Poultry
Watkins, S. E., C.A. Fritts, F. Yan, M.L. Wilson and P.W. Waldroup. 2005. Nutritionists
should adjust dietary salt for broilers to account for salt in the water supply. Poultry International. May.
Watkins, S.E. 2005.Impact of drinking water pH on broiler performance. Poultry Tribune.
Cornelison, J., A.G. Hancock, A.G. Williams, L.B. Davis, N.L. Allen and S.E.
Watkins. 2005. Appropriate water flow necessary for broiler growth.
Watkins, S.E. 2005. Impact of sanitizers and line cleaners on Aerobic Bacteria Levels
in Nipple Drinkers, Zootechnica International World’s Poult. J. February.
Watkins, S. 2004. On farm options, Watt Poultry USA, October..
Watkins, S. 2003. Assuring quality drinking water an ongoing process, Poultry Times. June..
Watkins, S.E. 2002. Rodents, unless checked can nibble away profits. Poultry Times.